STORYBOARDING

Communication Technology Notes

Overview | Concept | Script | Storyboard - GooDoc Scan Storyboard | GooDoc Draw Storyboard | Revision
Exercises: News Script | PSA




STORYBOARDING

WHAT IS A STORYBOARD?

The storyboard is
  • A “Visual Script” for your production, looking very much like a comic strip version of the story.
  • A sequence of individual shots that compose your scenes
  • A detailed list of the assets you need to create: graphics, video, dialogue, sound effects, text etc.

WHO is the storyboard intended for?
  • The “STUDIO” for approval before production is started You want to SELL the studio on your plans
  • Your PRODUCTION CREW, to act as a "blueprint" to construct and assemble the assets

Use it to BRAINSTORM:
  • STORY: Work out and discuss your ideas, and to fix bad stories before they get made
  • SHOTS: Visualize how your production will look, and get creative with shots and action
  • AUDIO: Plan where and what type of additional sound effects or dialogue will be included


Storyboard2011_00.jpg
HOW GOOD DOES IT HAVE TO BE?
Good enough to be UNDERSTOOD CLEARLY
  • BE ACCURATE
    • Use the proper terms or short forms (ie MediumShot or MS)
    • Is you say it's a MS, then be sure you DRAW an MS shot
  • BE NEAT
    • SHARPEN YOUR PENCIL
    • Use clear, solid pencil so the images will scan clearly later
    • Print neatly so ANYONE can read it

WHAT SHOULD YOU PUT IN IT?
EACH FRAME represents a shot within your overall scene
Each shot is described with a SKETCH, and NOTES

1. SKETCH IT
  • Draw a clear sketch of the shot
    • Include horizon and perspective lines
  • Mark any Actor or Camera Motion
    • Draw Arrows and add notes on sketch
  • Include Titles (if they exist)
    • Show general typography and location in relation to the backgound images

2. MAKE NOTES - APPROPRIATELY include relevant information - particularly:
  • The NAME or DESCRIPTION of the shot
  • The approximate DURATION of the shot in seconds
  • Specific camera FRAMING or MOVEMENT
  • Any AUDIO notes if applicable


SHORT FORMS:

FRAMING
  • ECU - Extreme Close Up
  • CU - Close Up
  • MCU - Medium Close Up
  • MS - Medium Shot
  • MLS - Medium Long Shot
  • LS - Long Shot
  • ELS - Extreme Long Shot

AUDIO
  • VO - Voice Over
  • LAV - Lavaliere Microphone
  • MIC - Microphone

CAMERA MOVES
  • Pan
  • Tilt
  • Ped
  • Zoom

TRANSITIONS
  • Dissolve
  • Wipe
StoryBoard2011_04.pngStoryBoard2011_04b.png
TELL THE WHOLE SCENE
Use as many frames as you need to complete your scene - be sure an audience can understand your whole story when they put the storyboards and script together

You may want to use SEVERAL frames to describe one particular shot
StoryBoard2011_01.png